GeographyAt St Olave’s we want to create a fascination about our relationship with the planet, and generate a natural curiosity in young people.

Geography is about where and why things are located. We look at the place mankind has in the World in terms of settlement location, economic activities and our far too often destructive relationship with the environment.

We also believe that out in the field is where young people really see and learn, hence the number of field trips stretching from Headingley Water Works, to Flamborough Head and as far afield some years as Iceland.







Maps: Features of a good map; OS symbols; 4-figure grid references; 8 points of compass; interpreting maps. British Isles; Northern England; Yorkshire & York (local area).

Settlement types: Our local area; plan of the school; world map; continents.


Investigating Mexico (link with history – Aztecs): The physical, human and environmental geography of Mexico (study of contrasting locality).

(Mexico cont.) Location; landscapes. Focus on Taxco; comparison with York. Rainforest.


Water: Water cycle; treatment of water; filtration; water usage; field trip to Headingley

Introduction to Weather: Key terms and definitions; wind and general weather in the UK; comparing world and UK climate graphs.

Energy: Renewable energy.

Africa: Case study, research and comparison with the UK.



Coastlines: Weathering and erosion; waves; coastal landforms; coastal features on maps; coasts and human activity; coastal defences; field trip to Flamborough Head.

Maps: Scale; grid references; OS maps and relief; sketching maps; interpreting maps and charts;

Mountain environments: Defining mountains; global location; types of mountains; mountains and tourism; independent research project.

Farming in the UK: Farming systems; classifying farming; distribution of farming types; local farm study. (pending)



Tectonic Processes: The Earth and tectonic plates; tectonic plate boundaries; types of volcanoes; effects of volcanic eruptions; case study; causes of earthquakes; impacts of earthquakes; recording earthquakes; case study; predicting and preparing for earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

Weather & Climate: Key definitions; types of weather; types of rain; weather maps and charts; depressions and anti-cyclones; Britain’s climate; world climate zones.


Glaciers: What and where; glaciers at work; landforms created by erosion; landforms created by deposition; glacial landforms on an OS map.


Settlement: Site and situation; settlement hierarchy; patterns and functions; settlements and shopping;


Changing shopping habits: Shopping hierarchies; the movement to out-of-town shopping centers; Independent field work.

Dynamic Earth: Global warming and Climate change; causes and human influences; change, danger and damage; problems and solutions;

Brazil: Physical geography; populations and settlement; development; agriculture; the rainforest; industry; deforestation; Rio de Janeiro