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GeographyGeography is about developing an understanding of our world, primarily through experience, investigation and learning from a range of sources. At St Peter's 8-13 we want to create a fascination about our interactions with the planet and generate a natural curiosity in young people.

Over the course of five years, we look at the place mankind has in the world in terms of settlement location, economic activities and our far too often destructive relationship with the environment. In gaining this understanding, our children are enabled to take responsibility for their role in society, which in turn, can be employed for the benefit of themselves and also for the fellow human beings, animals, and plants with which we share the planet.

We also believe that out in the field is where young people really see and learn, hence the number of field trips stretching from Headingley Water Works to Flamborough Head.



Term 1

Term 2

Term 3



Maps: features of a good map; OS symbols; 4-figure grid references; 8 points of compass; interpreting maps. British Isles; Northern England; Yorkshire & York (local area).

Settlement types; our local area; plan of the school; world map; continents.

Investigating Mexico (link with history – Aztecs): the physical, human and environmental geography of Mexico (study of contrasting locality).

(Mexico cont.) Location; landscapes. Focus on Taxco; comparison with York. Rainforest.



Water: water cycle; treatment of water; filtration; water usage; field trip to Headingly

Introduction to Weather: Key terms and definitions; wind and general weather in the UK; comparing world and UK climate graphs.

Flooding: what causes a river to flood; how a river floods; flood defences in York; how to be prepared for floods. Atlas work on UK rivers to intro topic.

Africa: Case study, research and comparison with the UK.







All year groups will engage in the learning of world’s continents and oceans, countries and capitals, major rivers, mountain ranges and lines of latitude and longitude.


Population and Settlement

The pupils will investigate: population numbers and population density for the UK and the world, the causes of the rise or fall of the population of an individual country through migration and urbanisation. This will then be linked to settlement types, the reasons for the site, shape, situation, growth and nature of individual settlements, the relationship between the provision of goods and services and settlement size, the management of urban development. The pupils will consider a number of different case studies to further reinforce their understanding, such Lagos, Nigeria; Dhaka, Bangladesh and Tokyo, Japan.

Coastal processes: Pupils will be taught about: Weathering, erosion and transportation, types of waves, erosional and depositional coastal features, coastal features on maps, the effects of human activity on the coast and coastal defences. We will also visit Flamborough Head for a days field work to study the features of erosion and deposition.  We will then spend the remainder of the term learning key fieldwork skills.


The pupils will learn about the physical, human, economic, climatic and environmental geography of Brazil.


Ordnance Survey mapwork skills Pupils will be taught: 4-figure and 6-figure grid references, height and relief, direction, distance and area.








Plate Tectonics: Pupils will be taught: the earth’s structure, continental drift, the main four plate boundaries.

Volcanoes: types of volcanoes, the immediate and secondary effects of volcanic eruptions and case studies to enforce their understanding of the effects in both a developing and developed country.

Earthquakes: causes and effects of earthquakes, impacts of earthquakes, recording of earthquakes, predicting, and preparing for earthquakes and case studies to enforce their understanding of the effects in both a developing and developed country.


The pupils will be learning about the processes of weathering physical, chemical and biological and the processes of erosion, transportation and deposition. They will adapt their knowledge and understanding of the development of the following landforms: v-shaped valleys, waterfall, gorge, meander and ox-bow lake through the use of Ordnance Survey maps. Finally, they will investigate the causes and effects of and responses to a flood, case studies from both a developing and a developed country including the human, economic and environmental impact and ways of reducing the risks.

Weather and Climate

The pupils will study, the difference between weather and climate, the water cycle, types of rainfall, microclimates and world climates; what causes temperature and rainfall variation from place to place in the British Isles and worldwide.


O.S Maps/topography/World Location

Pupils will be able to: follow routes identify relief and landscape features, annotate simple sketch maps  and be able to makes decisions and understand site, situation and shape of settlements








A comprehensive study of the physical, human and environmental geography of China and how these interact to create modern China. There will also be focus and investigation into the economic, social and cultural development of the country itself.

Globalisation, Transport and Industry/ Economic Activity

What is globalisation? how it affects us individually and the implications this has on both the global economy, industries, the world population and how it differs in developing, emerging developing and developed countries. Transport routes, environmental costs and benefits and the varied sectors of economic activity primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary the relationship between the level of economic development and the percentage of people working in each sector. Finally, we will investigate how economic activities operate in contrasting locations and investigate a case study of transnational corporations operating both in a developed, emerging developing and developing countries.

Dynamic Earth

Global warming and climate change, the causes and human influences, change, danger and damage problems and solutions.